As we discussed in the Magic of Movement, movement is key to keeping the body healthy and happy. For those of you ready to move beyond the Chair Only Exercises, the video below will take you to the next level of challenge using exercise resistance bands.
All you need is an exercise band and a chair. Follow along with the video as we complete one set of numerous banded exercises. Afterward complete and additional 2 to 3 rounds of each exercise on your own. You decide how much tension to use on each exercise by adjusting the flexibility of your band. If you use the NeeBoo bands, they come in a pack of four bands, each with progressive resistance. They are a great investment and are a quality product I use everyday.
We know that exercise can increase muscle strength and decrease body fat when coupled with proper nutrition. Exercise also allows us to look good in a bathing suit, and feel better about our appearance. When we feel good about ourselves we tend to get out and socialize and move more, which are great for quality of life.
Muscles are the the organ of longevity, and if we don’t use them, we lose them. Keep your muscles healthy by moving them as much as possible throughout your day. Even while sitting watching TV, you can do movements such as slow squats to the couch, knee marches, leg lifts, etc.
“The key to moving better and feeling better is to move every day”
Muscles and Age
But as we age, appearance begins to take a back seat to functional movement. Suddenly as a senior we become worried when we can’t bend over to tie a shoe, or fear if we fall, we will not be able to get up off the floor. These are all valid concerns because science shows us:
Older people with the highest loss of muscle strength were four times more likely to be disabled, have difficulty walking and need walkers or other mechanical devices to help them walk (Am J Epidemiol, 1998; 147(8):755–763).
The average person loses about eight percent of muscle size in the decade between 40 and 50 years of age, and the rate of loss increases to 15 percent per decade after age 75 (J Am Geriatr Soc, March 2003;51(3):323-30).
You can slow the loss of muscle fibers as you age and can enlarge the remaining muscle fibers by exercising against resistance, but you cannot increase the number of fibers once they are lost (The Journals of Gerontology, August 2012).
But not all is hopeless, we can improve our physical ability quite easily by moving more every day. Even better is to move every joint through the its natural range of motion. It isn’t hard, and the movements will leave you feeling refreshed and energized. Add in some resistance band work as your fitness levels improve and our muscle fibers can also enlarge.
Over the past few years I have read many articles on the benefits of collagen in supporting joint health. As a specialist in movement, this research intrigues me because I am willing to take a supplement if it supports improvements in my body maintenance and recovery. For a full review of what collagen is, review this post Collagen Supplements, Worthwhile or Wasteful? I am not interested in wasting money or putting expensive, worthless products into my body, especially if there are potential side effects.
After much research, I have been using Sports Research Pure Hydrolyzed Collagen Peptides every day for the last 18 months. The recommended dose is 10 grams, or one scoop once day. Hydrolyzed simply means the amino acid chains have been broken down into smaller units, a process that allows it to dissolve in both hot and cold liquids.
What I have noticed for me specifically is:
My nails are much thicker and grow out more quickly.
My hair appears shinier and fuller.
My recovery from my CrossFit workouts seems to occur quicker and with less joint achiness.
I have not noticed a difference in my skin that is readily apparent, but I did not take before and after photos to check my wrinkles.
It is an easy way to add 10 grams of proteins to my macro count if I am low on protein at the end of the day.
Pro’s of Sports Research Pure Hydrolyzed Collagen Peptides
Easily mixes with water or in a smoothie with no taste. When I put 2 scoops in 6 oz of water I did notice a slight discoloration of the water and some taste.
Easily mixes in warm and hot products, but a little slower to dissolve in cold water.
High quality products: Paleo friendly, Keto Certified, Gluten Free, IGEN Certified, Grass Fed Pasture Raised Beef and manufactured in a Good Manufacturing Practice – GMP Certified Facility.
This product contains Type I and Type III collagen.
With improved bioavailability, your body can easily absorb all of the nutrients in this type collagen, other collagens are not absorbed as easily.
It is ranked #11 in sales in Amazon’s Health products.
Con’s of Sports Research Pure Hydrolyzed Collagen Peptides
Collagen peptides should not be taken in higher doses than the recommended 10 grams a day because it is not a complete protein. Whey protein supplements used for muscle gain and fat loss are usually complete proteins.
Studies show the benefit of the Collagen occurs after 30 -60 days of consistent daily usage. So to see the benefit you must commit to regular usage.
I have seen and felt improvements, while not miraculous, I do feel better and I directly attribute that to this product. The new research is promising on the benefits of collagen supplements, and I plan to continue to use this product. If you are interested in purchasing this product, click here.
Full disclosure: When this current container is empty, I do plan to evaluate a new brand of collagen for 2 reasons:
I want to try a product with Type II collagen.
I like to rotate off supplements every once in awhile so my body has a chance to purge and renew itself. I will let you know how the new product goes in 6 months.
In the meantime, remember when you move better, you feel better.
*This page contains referral links to help support the website.
Collagen is the most abundant protein in the body, it is also one of the most important nutrients. It is found in muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, skin, and the digestive system.
When broken down, collagen is made up of amino acids. Essential Amino Acids (A.A.’s) cannot be produced by the body, while inessential amino acids are produced by our bodies. The primary A.A. in collagen is glycine, which is synthesized by serine, but not in sufficient quantities to meet daily requirements, especially in diseased states like arthritis or inflammation. Therefore some people recommend supplementing to meet daily requirements. Proline, glutamine and arginine are the other main amino acids found within collagen, each has their own key benefits for keeping the body healthy.
Collagen is also the protein that makes up around 75% of skin, and is key to its structure and elasticity.
But after the age of 20 or so, we lose around 1.5% of our collagen every year. Collagen is also broken down by stressors such as too much sun exposure. As our bodies age, we begin to see signs of sagging skin, wrinkles, and increasing joint pain.
Types of Collagen
While there are at least 16 different types of collagen within the human body, Types I,II, and III make up 80-90%.
Type I: This is by far the most abundant, and almost considered to be the strongest, type of collagen found in the human body. It is sometimes referred to as the “glue” that holds our body together.
Forms tendons, ligaments, organs and skin.
Forms bones and can be found within the GI tract.
It’s very important for wound healing, giving skin its stretchy and elastic quality, and holding together tissue so it doesn’t tear.
Type II: Type 2 collagen primarily helps build cartilage, which is found in connective tissues.
The health of our joints relies on cartilage made of type 2 collagen.
It’s beneficial for preventing age-associated joint pain or various arthritis symptoms.
Type III: Type 3 collagen is made of reticular fibers and a major component of the extracellular matrix that makes up our organs and skin.
It’s usually found with type 1 and helps give skin its elasticity and firmness.
It also forms blood vessels and tissue within the heart.
Benefits of Taking Collagen
The claimed benefits of taking supplemental collagen include:
Improves skin and hair.
Reduces joint pain.
Heals the lining of the digestive tract.
Improves wound healing.
Do I Need to Take a Collagen Supplement?
The first question to ask is whether you get enough collagen in your dietary intake?
If you readily drink bone broth and you simmer your soups with animal bones for 12+ hours, or regularly eat organ meats then you most likely don’t need to supplement.
If you eat a typical American Diet, your collagen intake can fall short of recommendations.
If you are unhealthy, sick or under a lot of stress, you might be deficient in producing amino acids necessary for building collagen.
Or if you partake in one or more of the following which decreases collagen production:
High sugar diet.
Consume excessive alcohol.
Have too much sun exposure.
Scientific Validation of Collagen
While there are over 200,000 publications on collagen, including 6,000 clinical trials, various studies have various recommendations. Unfortunately some of our supplement and pharmaceutical businesses have been known to pay scholarly authors to support claims to financially benefit the business, not protect consumers like us looking to improve our health. Discerning valid research from invalid research can be quite challenging.
A few good scholarly sites exist to help wade through the mounds of data. According to Examine.com, a nonpartisan scientific research review company that refuses to take financial support from businesses, Type II collagen (CII) is a peptide and component of joint cartilage. It’s oral ingestion appears to reduce autoimmunity to the body’s own CII, resulting in less inflammation in instances of osteoarthritis and rheumatism and benefits to joint health. Other studies they reviewed showed increase in joint range of motion and both prolonged how long one could exercise before joint pain occurred while improving recovery speeds after exercise.
So while studies continue to be released, some showing the benefit(s) of supplemental collagen and others being inconclusive, we can take steps right now to improve our health. The big ticket items that we have scientific validation for the positive influence on our health include:
Maintain a healthy weight.
Reduce processed food intake and sugars.
Be active – move as much as you can every day.
Drink plenty of water.
Be mindful of sun exposure, both getting enough sunlight but not excessive amounts.
Having flat feet, technically known as overpronation, invariably causes a myriad of issues that will continue to get worse unless corrected. Untreated overpronation can lead to imbalances that transmit up through body, including the knees, hips, low back, shoulders and even the neck.
As imbalances slowly get worse, the result is chronic pain during movement. When it hurts to move, we move less often, and the cyclical effect begins to snowball leading to less activity, weight gain, and more pain.
Overpronation Can Lead To:
Achilles Tendon Pain
Pain While Standing or Walking Especially for Long Periods of Time
Low Back Pain
What is Pronation?
Pronation is normal movement of the foot collapsing inward toward the middle of the body to absorb transmitted forces while moving. If our foot collapses too far inward (overpronation), a disruption in normal function occurs and it causes additional stress to other body areas.
As we walk with a flat foot, the leg impacts the floor at a different angle, altering the direction of the pressure as it reaches the knee.
This causes the knee to cave inward.
The caving in of the knee causes the hips to shift forward, which can lead to hip and low back pain.
Do you see a pattern here?
The Key Point Is:
“The Feet and Ankles Literally Form the Foundation of the Human Body.” We learned in Mobility and Stability are The Keys to Movement Efficiency that the foot provides stability to create force production while the ankle allows for mobility. Overpronation will most certainly affect our entire kinetic chain.
Stand barefooted and look at your feet. Can you see an arch? If not, you have flat feet.
Pinch your calf muscle. Is it tender? If so, there is a good chance your calf muscles are overactive from improper striking of the feet.
Use a tennis ball if the golf ball is too painful.
Start while sitting, and as pain diminishes, stand up and roll.
Foam roll the achilles tendon and calf to release those restrictions.
Use a soft ball or lacrosse ball for more advanced rolling of the achilles and calf.
Use the Fascia Blaster Mini 2 or full size Fascia Blaster to get deeper into the fascia. (Click on link for direct transfer to Amazon). Note: Clicking on Amazon Affiliate links through this web site provides a small monetary return to this web site. There is no extra fee for the purchaser when clicking through this site and all products are delivered through Amazon.
2. Stretch the foot and calf muscles to increase flexibility and retrain correct movement pattern:
stand with feet in a staggered stance with feet facing forward.
Gently lean forward keeping both feet in contact with the ground.
Pull up on the the toes to get a deeper stretch.
Hold for 30 seconds and switch to the other side.
Stand barefoot with toes pushed up against a wall.
Keep the ball of the foot in contact with the floor.
Slowly collapse the foot into pronation to stretch the plantar fascia then pull it back to neutral.
Hold for 30 seconds then switch to the other foot.
3. Strengthen the muscles by retraining good walking mechanics.
Go barefoot and actively pull your arches up by putting pressure more on the outside of the feet.
Practice raising the toes off the ground while keeping a good arch.
Practice splaying (spreading) your toes apart before bed every night.
Having chronic pain means people have slowly grown accustomed to the discomfort. Don’t suffer any longer, try these easy solutions to see if we can get rid of your foot pain. It will take a few weeks to see improvements so don’t get discouraged.
This video will outline the steps we mentioned above:
In Mobility Part 1 we discovered the most common reason for mobility issues is soft tissue restrictions. We learned how to remove soft tissue restrictions with the use of Self Myofascial Release (SMR) techniques using foam rollers, balls and other tools.
Another very common reason for a lack of mobility in a joint is the lack of tissue elasticity. The muscles are like rubber bands, they lengthen and shorten to create movement. As they lengthen or stretch when we move a body part, other reciprocal muscles resist to help slow down the movement. If the rubber band is too tight, motion is restricted. If the rubber band is overstretched, the muscles do not extend back properly.
Your muscles need a certain amount of tension to create strong, healthy movement. Dynamic stretching in one way to improve mobility due to poor tissue elasticity.
An important point is that static stretchingis not mobility. Static stretching or holding a passive muscle position for a length of time, can actually inhibit the amount of force that a muscle can produce and it can decrease performance if done before a workout.
Numerous studies (1,2) have proven that static stretching can be counterproductive to athletic performance. We will discuss static stretching in a later article, because there is a time and place for it, but not as a warm up before an exercise period. Static stretching is best after the exercise session concludes, or for use in people with muscle imbalances or needing restorative flexibility.
Dynamic stretching on the other hand is beneficial to increasing mobility and studies have shown (3,4) that “dynamic stretching can improve power, strength, and performance during a subsequent exercise session” (5).
Benefits of Dynamic Stretching
Combats the effects of aging by maintaining and regaining flexibility.
Protects from injury.
Increases the range of motion.
Boosts athletic performance through force and tension.
Increases blood flow to muscles.
Increases lubrication of connective tissue, making you supple.
Relieves lower back pain.
What is Dynamic Stretching?
Dynamic stretching is rhythmically moving your joints within their full range of motion to mimic a particular sport or activity.
It incorporates postural control, stability, balance, and explosive movements.
It utilizes basic movement patterns such as hinging, squatting, lunging, and swinging to bring joints through the full movement patterns.
Examples of Dynamic Stretching Routines:
Extend arms out, parallel to the floor. Slowly rotate each arm in tight circles in a forward motion. Gradually make the circles wider until you get to 8 to 10 repetitions (reps). Then reverse the direction and do 8 to 10 more reps, starting small and again increasing the circle size.
Hold onto a wall, counter, pole or golf club and swing one leg at a time front to back 10 times. Start with small swings and increase the arc as you get higher in reps. Then swing the same leg side to side in front of the foot, and then swing 10 times behind the planted foot. Now do the same for the other leg.
3. Hip Circles:
Stand with knees below shoulders, rotate your hips clockwise for 8 -10 large circles. Then switch directions and rotate the other way for 8-10 circles.
4. Toy Soldier Walk:
Walk forward with legs stiff, knees straight and toes flexed back toward you. Every time you lift a leg, try to touch the toe with the alternate arm. Walk for 10 – 20 yards.
5. High Knees:
As you walk back to your original position raise each leg high so the knee taps your extended arm in front of you. You can vary the speed from a walk to a quick tempo. Walk for 10 – 20 yards.
6. Butt Kickers:
As you take a step, extend the leg toward the rear and try and kick your butt with your heel. This can be done at a slow speed or rapid tempo. Walk for 10 – 20 yards doing the butt kickers.
7. Standing Torso Twist:
a. Horizontal – place arms straight out from sides, slowly twist so the left arm is facing directly in front of you fully extended, the right arm is now behind your back, fully extended parallel to the ground. Now twist to the left so the right arm is in front and the left arm is behind you. Keep your head and neck aligned with your torso, do not crane your neck. Do this 10 times slowly in each direction.
b. Rotational – same as above except the arms rotate out diagonally during the extension and you keep one up high while the other drops low.
8. Air Squats (Body Weight):
Stand with knees shoulder width apart, and your arms held out in front of your body. Slowly drop down toward the ground while pushing your butt back, like you are going to sit on a toilet. Keep your knees behind your toes and swing your arms back to your side as you approach the bottom. Then slowly rise back up, bringing the arms out in front of you. Try to get to where your upper leg is below the hip crease (below parallel).
a. Forward – Step forward dropping one knee to the ground and keeping your hands on your hips. Once the knee touches the ground, raise back up and alternate legs so the other leg steps forward and touches the ground.
b. Walking Lunge – keep walking forward with each step for 10-20 step.
b. Reverse – Once you get comfortable with the front lunge, you can drop the knee to the rear and do reverse lunges.
c. Lunge With Upper Body Rotation – once in the lunge, extend the arms overhead and twist the torso to the side of the raised knee. On the next step, twist to the opposite side.
Vary Your Dynamic Warm Up
Try to expand your movements to go beyond the basic flexing and extending patterns. Incorporate side to side moves, twisting, bending, and diagonal movements. The more you move the body, the better the movements become and the better you feel.
The beauty of dynamic stretching is it can be incorporated into your warm up and it can do specific movement patterns for your sport. The Golf Swing Warm Up video demonstrates dynamic stretches and warm ups that will assist any golfer in getting ready for 18 holes of golf. It is amazing what 5 minutes of warm up and mobility prep can do to prepare your body for your sport. Most people who practice the warm up routine for 2 to 4 weeks report improved performance and decreasing levels of discomfort after their sport.
Never stretch while cold, always warm up first. Spend at least 5 minutes doing an active warm up (jogging, rowing, jump roping etc) or doing dynamic stretches that get the body moving.
Use active stretches that simulate your muscles for the activity or sport you will perform.
Hold static stretches for the end of a workout when they are most effective.
Tired muscles have limited elasticity, so if you train them when tired, they might remember a restricted range of motion.
Simple stretching alone rarely makes long-term changes. When tightness or mobility limitation is identified somewhere in the body, there is usually a weakness, overactivity or imbalance existing somewhere else in the body. Combining SMR techniques with dynamic stretching and joint distraction (Part 3 of this series) will go a long way toward improving mobility impairments.
The Science Daily reported on progress being made identifying Reversible Mechanism that Increases Muscle Elasticity (6). They found the combination of exercising and stretching leads to long-lasting yet reversible increases in flexibility. So it is important to establish a dynamic stretching routine as part of each daily movement session, followed up with static stretching after your workout. Today is the perfect time to start your movement practice. Five minutes a day will do wonders for you. Give it a try!
Gergly, J.C. Department of Kinesiology and Human Science, Stephan F. Austin University. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013 April;27(4):973-7.
Simic, L., Sarabon, N., Markovic, G. Motor Control and Human Performance Laboratory, University of Zagreb. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 2013 Mar;23(2): 131-48.
Zourdos, M. (2012). Effects of dynamic stretching on energy cost and running endurance performance in trained male runners. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(2), 335-41.
Su H, Chang NJ, Wu WL, Guo LY, Chu IH. Acute Effects of Foam Rolling, Static Stretching, and Dynamic Stretching During Warm-ups on Muscular Flexibility and Strength in Young Adults. Journal of Sports Rehabil. 2017 Nov;26(6);469-477.
When we are unable to move a joint through a normal range of movement, it results in a lack of mobility. One of the primary causes for lack of mobility is soft tissue restrictions, or trigger areas, that result in tightness and pain. This restricted tissue is the fascia, a very thin, collagen-like substance that permeates the entire human body from nerve endings, to muscle fibers, to bones and organs.
Think about that clear layer on a piece of raw chicken breast, that is fascia. Fascia in humans is a living seam system and provides a soft tissue scaffolding system to help support your body as well as assist in movement.
The fascia is responsible for the huge range of movement we possess. The fascia can get tacked down, and restrict the movement of different layers of tissue. Thus we lose functionality or have movement painful. Think scar tissue and matted down old tissue that hasn’t been required to move in a long time (i.e. you haven’t done a full squat in decades). These tacked down areas are called adhesions, knots, trigger points or scar tissue.
Self Myofascial Release
Using self-myofascial release (SMR) techniques, we can break up those adhesions and restore the sliding surfaces of the various layers of tissue. The main tools used in SMRF include foam rollers, lacrosse balls, tennis balls, and even barbells and kettlebells. By using friction, pressure, and movement with a hard object over these areas of adhesions, we begin to break up the knots. A recent study in the Journal of Sports Rehabilitation (1) found the foam rolling is more effective than static or dynamic stretching in acutely increasing flexibility of the quadriceps and hamstrings without hampering muscle strength, and is recommended as part of a warm up in healthy adults.
SMR can be performed before a training session to help loosen tissue and improve mobility for that workout, but should also be done after the workout to release those areas tightened during the workout.
How To Perform Self Myofascial Release
Lie on a foam roller, using a slow up and down movement, roll over the tissues applying pressure to the muscle.
When you find an area that hurts, stop and hold pressure for 30 seconds.
Then slowly move your body around to apply different pressure points.
Roll slowly, no more than one inch per second.
Bend and extend the limbs in the area you are working to untack the tissue.
Roll each area for up to 2 minutes or move if the pain subsides.
SMFR breaks up the adhesions, but it can be very painful the first few times you do it. Don’t get discouraged, the more you roll, the less painful it gets. When the pain diminishes, tissue changes are occurring and the adhesions are being broken up. Your fascia is free to move again.
This 13 minute video shows how to foam roll the entire body:
Do not roll over joints or a bone (like the front of the shin).
Don’t foam roll your lower back. Use a tennis ball or lacrosse ball or two balls taped together in a peanut shape. Place the ball(s) on the side of the spine and slowly roll along the spine.
Don’t roll to the point of excessive soreness.
Here is a good reference chart showing how to roll various areas:
Other Tools for SMR
The lacrosse ball, VooDoo Floss reviewed in this article, tennis ball, edge of a kettlebell or even a barbell can be used in place of the foam roller to target deeper tissues. Be creative, humans have used rocks and man made tools for years to work out areas of discomfort on their bodies. I have a lacrosse ball in my car to roll out my back and shoulders during my drive.
Quality products to help you begin your SMR journey include:
*This page may contain referral links to help support the site.
Su H, Chang NJ, Wu WL, Guo LY, Chu IH. Acute Effects of Foam Rolling, Static Stretching, and Dynamic Stretching During Warm-ups on Muscular Flexibility and Strength in Young Adults. Journal of Sports Rehabil. 2017 Nov;26(6);469-477.
Many things can limit mobility resulting in less than desired movement and performance:
Soft tissue restriction.
Shortened and tight muscles (tissue elasticity).
Joint range of motion dysfunction.
Motor control problems.
Neural dynamic issues.
While this list can be daunting, many of the techniques to improve mobility will fix the most common problems. If the basic corrections fail to improve mobility, or discomfort worsens, a comprehensive assessment by a specialist is encouraged. Specialists will likely prescribe a follow up regiment of soft tissue mobilization, dynamic and static stretches and/or self mobilization to reinforce the manual work.
Remember it took time for the dysfunctions to build up, so reversing the damage will take time as well. But a few proactive minutes every day addressing problem areas, can improve movement efficiency, speed recovery, and improve sports performance and make moving feel good.
If you lack adequate mobility, you could be the Incredible Hulk and still find it difficult to do basic body movements like bending over to tie a shoe or put your pants on.
Movement is Medicine
Kelly Starrett, a Physical Therapist, CrossFit Gym Owner, and author of Becoming a Supple Leopard writes “we believe that much of the orthopedic dysfunction we encounter in our physiotherapy and human performance coaching practice results from people either not having a movement practice or exercising like fiends in poor positions and in narrow exercise ranges”.
The other area I see mobility issues is in people who are busy with their life, and do not spend enough time moving. Sitting at a computer for eight hours a day will shorten muscles, cause restrictions, and even cause muscle imbalances if poor posture remains the position of preference.
Establishing a daily personal movement practice will greatly improve our mobility. The three most pertinent areas we can work on include:
Loosening soft tissue restrictions with Self-Myofascial Release (SMR).
Addressing shortened and tight muscles (tissue elasticity) by stretching.
Improving joint range of motion (ROM).
Stay tuned, we will break these areas into three separate articles in the near future.
A fundamental objective all people should aim to improve is movement efficiency. Efficient movement:
Makes it easier to perform the daily activities of living.
Allows you to build strength on a solid platform.
Reduces pain and the risk of injury.
Make you better at your sport.
Makes you feel better overall.
Movement is the result of muscle force that affects another body segment along the kinetic chain. There are other forces on the body, such as gravity pulling down on the body and reactive forces pushing upward through the body like when you run.
Efficient movement requires having appropriate levels of stability and mobility. They are a check and balance system that work together to generate motor control. Too much of either one is a problem, and too little of either is also a problem.
An example of too much mobility is a hypermobile elbow joint. If someone with a hypermobile elbow lifts weight overhead, the elbow joint might not lock in, thus, there is no stable platform and it comes crashing down. Other times additional muscles, tendons and ligaments are forced into supporting the load placing extra burden on them. This isn’t ideal because it can lead to over use injury since they are not doing activities they they are designed to do.
A lack of mobility is much more common, especially in the ankles. Athletes that lack ankle mobility typically have problems getting to full depth in a squat. Fortunately, through proper attention to mobility and stability, we can greatly improve our movement efficiency.
What is Mobility?
Mobility is the ability to move in an uninhibited range of movement around a joint or body segment.
Mobility is the ability to put one’s body into the correct position for various movements such as a squat, deadlift, overhead press etc.
Having mobility means having the ability to move the way our bodies were designed, that is the correctly and safely.
Mobility allows for greater performance through higher force and therefore power production.
What is Stability?
Stability is the ability to maintain control of a joint movement and resist an undesired movement.
Without stability, the joint is more prone to injury, and will not allow efficient power production.
Stability and Mobility
The American Council on Exercise identifies that individuals who exhibit optimal levels of stability and mobility anticipate movement and stabilization needs well. Efficient mobility and stability elicit the necessary motor responses to perform proper joint mechanics.
Gray Cook of Functional Movement Screen (FMS) goes further in depth with his “joint by joint approach” where different joints have specific functions and needs and are prone to predictable levels of dysfunction. We must also take into consideration the joint above and below as these joints will also impact the mobility and stability of each joint.
Mobility and Stability are not mutually exclusive,
you cannot train one alone, they work in conjunction.
All joints have varying levels of stability and mobility, but they tend to favor one over the other depending on their function in the body. Using the joint by joint approach, we see how joints stack on top of each other, alternating from stability to mobility. Starting at the bottom:
Foot = Stability to create force production when pushing off the ground.
Ankle = Mobility to allow pronation and eversion of the foot.
Knee = Stability for walking, some mobility with flexion and extension.
Hip = Mobility in the ball and socket joints to allow legs to swing.
Lumbar Spine = Stability to support the upright body.
Thoracic Spine = Mobility to allow bending over.
Scapulothoracic = Stability between the arm and the shoulder.
Glenohumeral = Mobility allowing arms to swing and move 360 degrees.
Neck = Stability to hold the head upright.
The Kinetic Chain
The kinetic chain is defined as the relationship between joints or segments, and the effect they have on each other during movement. When one is in motion, it creates a chain of events that affects the movement of neighboring joints and segments. Movement efficiency involves a synergistic approach between stability and mobility throughout the kinetic chain.
It is important to understand that proximal stability promotes distal stability. This means having a stable core while performing an overhead squat will allow the athlete to lift heavier weights. In a previous article Engage Your Core! we identified the importance of bracing the core to allow for optimal production, transfer and control of force and motion. Without a strong core, your power to your arms and legs will be greatly reduced.
When we look at people with good posture, they generally exhibit an improved relationship between stability and mobility throughout their kinetic chain. People with poor posture have a compromise somewhere along the kinetic chain. The longer the imbalance exits, the more it compromises the adjacent joints until movement becomes dysfunctional and painful.